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Compulsory basic training (CBT)

Compulsory basic training (CBT) is the course all learner motorbike and moped riders must complete before you can ride on the road.

CBT is designed to give you

  • a basic understanding of riding theory
  • skills to make you safe and confident on the road
  • the correct attitude towards riding.

The trainers are qualified and checked by the DVSA and will give you valuable practical advice, so learn as much as you can on the course.

There’s no exam: trainers will only move on to the next element in the course when they’re happy that you’ve learnt the theory and shown the practical skills to a safe level.

The cost of CBT is £125 and includes bike hire.  Safety equipment is available but please remember to wear stout shoes or boots.  If you have your own helmet, gloves and jacket please bring it along but don't worry if not.

What’s in the CBT course?

There are five elements in the course.

·         A: Introduction to CBT – helps you understand the purpose and content of CBT; also covers equipment, clothing, an eyesight check and whether your licence allows you to ride a motorbike

·         B: Practical on-site training – covers motorbike controls, safety checks, using the stand, wheeling the motorbike, and starting and stopping the engine

·         C: Practical on-site riding – covers riding techniques including riding in a straight line, stopping riding slowly, using the brakes, changing gear, and developing steering and balance

·         D: Practical on-road training – covers safety on the road, legal requirements, road positioning and attitude

·         E: Practical on-road riding – at least two hours of riding with the trainer to show you are safe to continue learning on your own

This DSA video gives you an overview of CBT.





Remember to take your provisional licence with you on the day, or you won’t be able to complete the course.

What should you wear for CBT?

Your trainer will talk about clothing as part of element A, so you might consider waiting until after the course before you buy your full motorbike gear, but you will need to wear appropriate clothing on the day.

You’ll need a decent jacket, gloves and boots – not shorts and trainers. Your ATB will provide you with a visibility aid which you must wear.

We can provide basic equipment, including a helmet and bike, for the course

There’s more information about motorbike clothing, click here.

Completing CBT

When you’ve successfully completed the course, your trainer will give you a certificate DL196.

There are some things you must and mustn’t do when you’re riding on your CBT certificate.

·         You must have red L plates fitted to the front and back of the motorbike.

·         You must not ride on motorways or carry a passenger on your motorbike (called a pillion passenger).


If you don’t pass your full motorbike test (theory test and two-part practical test) within two years of getting this certificate, you’ll have to do your CBT again.

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